Tanzanian govt demands $930 fee from bloggers in internet clampdown

The government now requires all bloggers to pay the annual fee and register before they begin publishing material.
It’s not just bloggers affected by the provisions, but online radio stations, online streaming platforms, online forums, social media users and internet cafes.
Bloggers are asked to provide a lengthy list of details, including share capital, tax certificates, estimated investments and other information to secure accreditation.
The legislation, officially known as the Electronic and Postal Communications (Online Content) Regulations 2018, also sets out a series of prohibited content, including “content that causes annoyance… or leads to public disorder.”
Additionally, internet cafes are required to install surveillance cameras.
Breaking these stipulations permits the regulatory authorities to revoke licenses.
Local newspapers have reported that the government has introduced the regulations to curb “moral decadence.”
CNN has reached out to the Tanzanian government for comment but did not get immediate response.

Internet freedoms

Digital activist Maxence Melo is the founder of Jamii Forums, a Swahili-language whisteblowing and blogging site. He was charged in 2016 under a cybrercrimes law. The hashtag #FreeMaxenceMelo was launched after he was arrested.
Internet rights activists argue the new laws restrict freedoms.
“These regulations were supposed to uphold citizens’ rights to privacy, access to information and free expression,” Maxence Melo, the director of the JamiiForums, the “Swahili Wikileaks,” told CNN. “We have completely lost our Freedom on the Cyberspace.”
The new regulations come after a series of controversial laws introduced in the past few years, which Freedom House reports, are widely considered to be tools used to suppress media critical of the government.
Laws, such as the Cybercrimes Act 2015, have been used to charge Melo, for instance, in 2016 for allegedly obstructing an investigation.
A policy briefing released by Collaboration on International ICT Policy for East and Southern Africa (CIPESA) stated the new regulations threaten freedom of expression and the right to communicate information — a right guaranteed in Article 18 of the country’s constitution.
The $930 blogging fee will likely be a barrier for many people in a country where, according to the World Bank in 2016, GDP per capita was just $878 a year.

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